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Norfolk: APA

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The Learning Resources Center is the gateway for life long learning in Fortis College - Norfolk. The Libraries' collections reflect the vision for students current academic success and their future success in the field.  With extensive holdings in the areas of nursing, research and evidence based practice, billing and coding, and Eastern Theory and nontraditional medicine, the LRC is recognized as a driving force for knowlege.

What is APA?

APA Style®  refers to a set of rules and guidelines found in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.  The rules determine how you cite references, punctuation, title page format, and so on.  You may be required to use APA Style when completing assignments.

Your LRC has a copy of the APA's official citation guide.

Cite what you actually use

  • If you only use a specific chapter in a book, cite that chapter specifically

            O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.),

                     Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.

            Citation Source:  https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/08/ [not part of citation example above!]


  • If you use the entire book, meaning you cite from many chapters or throughout the book, you can cite the entire book in your "References".

               But give the page number or numbers for your quote or paraphrase in your in-text citation.


            She stated, "Postive mental attitude is essential to passing state board exams" (Davis, 2013, p. 202), and offered many examples as to why.

Guidelines

References: An entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Author Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher.

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): An entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.  For more tips on paraphrasing check out The OWL at Purdue.

(Author Last Name, Year).

In-Text Citation (Quotation): An entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote.

(Author Last Name, Year, page number).

 

 

 

 

Guidelines

References: An entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Author Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher.

 

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): An entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.  For more tips on paraphrasing check out The OWL at Purdue.

(Author Last Name & Author Last Name, Year).

In-Text Citation (Quotation): An entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote.

(Author Last Name & Author Last Name, Year, page number).

Guidelines

References: An entry that appears at the end of your paper.

List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, while the last author name is preceded again by ampersand.

Author Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial, & Author Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher.

 

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): An entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.  For more tips on paraphrasing check out The OWL at Purdue.

(Author Last Name, Author Last Name, & Author Last Name, Year).

NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five authors/editors includes all of the names of the authors/editors, subsequent citations include only the first author's/editor's surname, followed by et al. and the year.

In-Text Citation (Quotation): An entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote.

(Author Last Name, Author Last Name, & Author Last Name, Year, page number).

Guidelines

References: An entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Author Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year, Month Day). Article title: Subtitle. Newspaper Title, page range. Retrieved from URL of newspaper home page

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): An entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.  For more tips on paraphrasing check out The OWL at Purdue.

(Author Last Name, Year).

In-Text Citation (Quotation): An entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote.

(Author Last Name, Year, page or paragraph number).

Guidelines

References: An entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Author Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year, Month Day). Article title: Subtitle. Magazine Title, Volume(issue), page range.

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): An entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.  For more tips on paraphrasing check out The OWL at Purdue.

(Author Last Name, Year).

In-Text Citation (Quotation): An entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote.

(Author Last Name, Year, page number).

Guidelines

References: An entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Author Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year, Month Day). Article title: Subtitle. Newspaper Title, page range. Retrieved from URL of journal home page

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): An entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.  For more tips on paraphrasing check out The OWL at Purdue.

(Author Last Name, Year).

In-Text Citation (Quotation): An entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote.

(Author Last Name, Year, page or paragraph number).

Guidelines

References: An entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Author Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Author screen name. (Producer). (Year, Month Day {of podcast}). Title of podcast [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from URL of web site

 In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): An entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.  For more tips on paraphrasing check out The OWL at Purdue.

(Author Last Name OR Screen name, Year).

In-Text Citation (Quotation): An entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote.

(Author Last Name OR Screen name, Year).

Guidelines

References: An entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Author Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Author screen name. (Year, Month Day {of video post}). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL of specific video

 In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): An entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.  For more tips on paraphrasing check out The OWL at Purdue.

(Author Last Name OR Screen name, Year).

In-Text Citation (Quotation): An entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote.

(Author Last Name OR Screen name, Year).

 

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