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Norfolk: Resources

Copyright

COPYRIGHT BASICS
Copyright is a form of protection provided by the laws of the United States (title 17, U.S. Code) to the authors of “original works of authorship,” including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. Section 106 of the 1976 Copyright Act generally gives the owner of copyright the exclusive right to do and to authorize others to do the following:

  • To reproduce the work in copies,
  • To create derivative works based upon the original work,
  • To distribute copies of the work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending,
  • To perform the work publicly, in the case of literary, musical, dramatic, and choreographic works, pantomimes, and motion pictures and other audiovisual works;
  • To display work publicly, in the case of literary, musical, dramatic, and choreographic works, pantomimes, and pictorial, graphic, or sculptural works, including the individual images of a motion picture or other audiovisual work; and
  • In the case of sound recordings, to perform the work publicly by means of a digital audio transmission.

EXCEPTIONS TO THE PERMISSION REQUIREMENT IN THE COPYRIGHT LAW (TITLE 17, U.S. CODE)

  • Fair Use Exception (Section 107)
  • Library Exception (Section 108)
  • Face-to-Face Teaching Exception (Section 110)
  • Public Domain
  • First Sale Doctrine (Section 109)

 

Understanding Copyright

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