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Columbia: Research Guide

Research is a Process

Whether the end goal is an essay, a speech, or a presentation, the entire process to finalize that end goal takes a series of steps:

Step 1: Decide on subject and narrow to a topic

Step 2: Gather and evaluate information for the topic

Step 3: Create a working thesis and continue to find and evaluate information

Step 4: Gather information from sources and take necessary steps to avoid plagiarism

Step 5: Write an outline and/or draft of final product integrating and citing research

Step 6: Revise and edit work…keep finding and evaluating information, if necessary

Although these steps are provided in an organized way, as you learn more about your topic, you may restart the process based on new information or need to re-visit a particular step.  

Useful Links

Consortium of Education Affiliates Libraries http://libguides.yourlrc.info