By Author: Authors of scholarly articles are always experts in the field of study that they are discussing. When you are looking at a scholarly article, these authors’ credentials tend to be listed. Usually the listing shows what organization the author is affiliated with (usually these are University faculty members).
By Audience: Authors of scholarly articles write papers for scholars, researchers, and students. Therefore, they assume the reader has a degree of expertise when they are writing the paper and they use specialized terminology tailored to the field of study they are discussing.
By References: Authors of scholarly articles are required to use previous research in their articles, along with citing that research both in-text and at the end of their paper. All scholarly articles will have a works cited (e.g. references or bibliography) at the end of their paper.
By Abstract: The beginnings of scholarly articles tend to have an abstract, which is a paragraph supplied by the author that summarizes the paper.
By Graphics: Scholarly articles also tend to contain graphs, charts, and tables.