Instructors may make a single copy, without obtaining permission, of the following materials for teaching or research purposes:
Instructors may make multiple copies, without obtaining permission, of an item for classroom use if it meets certain criteria of brevity, spontaneity and cumulative effect:
Note: Each copy must include a notice of copyright and multiple copying is limited to no more than nine instances per course per class term
Copying of consumable materials is never permitted. Examples of consumable materials are workbooks, tests, answer sheets.
Copying and distribution of copyrighted multimedia (CD-ROMs, DVDs, and VHS) is never permitted.
Copying to substitute an anthology, collection, or any collective work. Any accumulated reproductions of excerpts from collective works are to be used together, and not as a whole.
Copying as a substitute for purchasing books, reprints, or periodicals [journal, newspaper, magazine].
No higher authority may give permission for prohibited copying.
CopyRight!: Academic permission. (2002). Danvers, MA: Copyright Clearance Center, Inc.